Class I alloantigen incorporated into cell-size supported membranes provides an effective stimulus for in vitro stimulation of CTL responses. When alloantigen-bearing cell-size (5 μm) microspheres, termed large multivalent immunogen (LMI), were administered in vivo, no primary cytotoxic response to the Ag could be detected. However, coadministration of LMI and allogeneic tumor stimulator cells resulted in substantial augmentation of the resulting CTL response, compared with that obtained from mice that received just stimulator cells. Responses were augmented only when the same alloantigen was present on the LMI and on the stimulator cells, and the effector cells remained specific for the cognate alloantigen-bearing targets. The physical form of the alloantigen was critical for augmentation; alloantigen in liposomes had no effect on response levels. Tumor cell Ag in the form of purified plasma membrane vesicles can also be incorporated onto the surface of cell-size microspheres. As with allogeneic responses, tumor Ag on LMI specifically augmented the in vivo CTL activity generated in response to irradiated tumor cells in syngeneic mice. Administration of Ag-bearing LMI to mice inoculated i.p. with live P815, EL4, or RDM4 tumor cells resulted in a significant reduction in growth of the tumors in their syngeneic hosts. Similarly, LMI treatment significantly reduced growth of P815 as a solid s.c. tumor. LMI-mediated growth reduction occurred only when plasma membrane Ag from the cognate tumor was used to prepare the LMI, and Ag in the form of free plasma membrane vesicles was not effective. Although Ag has been used to manipulate in vivo humoral and Th responses, this has proven to be much more difficult for CTL responses. The ability of Ag-bearing LMI to affect significantly the in vivo levels of cytolytic response and to reduce syngeneic tumor growth has potential for application to tumor immunotherapy and, possibly, treatment of other diseases in which CTL can provide a protective effect.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|