Automobile accessibility and the allocation of time 1990-2010

Martin Brosnan, David M. Levinson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Using detailed travel surveys conducted by the Metropolitan Council of the Minneapolis/Saint Paul region for 1990, 2000-2001, and 2010-2011, this study analyzes journey-to-work times, activity allocation, and accessibility for automobile commuters. The analysis shows declines in the time people spent outside of their homes and in travel. Although distances per trip are increasing for workers, they are declining for non-workers. The number of trips is declining, resulting in less distance traveled and less time allocated to travel. This study finds accessibility to be a significant factor in commute durations. Accessibility and commute duration have large affects on the amount of time spent at work. We posit this is due to increased home-work blending.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-132
Number of pages18
JournalElectronic International Journal of Time Use Research
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Accessibility
  • Activity allocation
  • Travel duration

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