Autonomous buckling of micrometer-sized lipid-protein membrane patches constructed by Dictyostelium discoideum

Kei Takahashi, Taro Toyota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The cytosol of amoeba cells controls the membrane deformation during their motion in vivo. To investigate such ability of the cytosol of amoeba cell, Dictyostelium discoideum (Dictyostelium), in vitro, we used lipids extracted from Dictyostelium and commercially available phospholipids, and prepared substrate-supported lipid membrane patches on the micrometer scale by spin coating. Results: We found that the spin coater holder, which has pores (pore size = 3.1 mm) of negative pressure to hold the cover glass induced the concave surface of the cover glass. The membrane lipid patches were formed at each position in the vicinity of the holder pores and their sizes were in the range of 2.7 to 3.2 × 104 μm2. After addition of the cytosol extracted from Dictyostelium to the lipid membrane patches, through time-lapse observation with a confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscope, we observed an autonomous buckling of the Dictyostelium lipid patches and localized behaviours of proteins found within. Conclusion: The current method serves as the novel technique for the preparation of film patches in which the positions of patches are controlled by the holder pores without fabricating, modifying, and arranging the chemical properties of the solution components of lipids. The findings imply that lipid-binding proteins in the cytosol were adsorbed and accumulated within the Dictyostelium lipid patches, inducing the transformation of the cell-sized patch.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3
JournalJournal of Biological Engineering
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 21 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Takahashi and Toyota; licensee BioMed Central.

Keywords

  • Dictyostelium discoideum
  • Phosphatidylcholine
  • Phosphatidylinositides
  • Spin coating
  • Substrate-supported lipid membrane

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