Bacillus anthracis: Medical issues of biologic warfare

Khalid H. Ibrahim, Gigi Brown, David H. Wright, John C. Rotschafer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Recent world events refocused attention on the possibility of nations engaging in biologic warfare, including an attack with Bacillus anthracis. The single available anthrax vaccine in the United States for human use, formerly known as MDPH-PA, has decreased ability to protect laboratory animals against virulent B. anthracis strains, especially compared with new vaccines being developed. Studies with these vaccines, however, have several shortcomings. The pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and prophylaxis of anthrax are discussed, as well as the implications that an attack with B. anthracis would place on the health care system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)690-701
Number of pages12
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 24 1999


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