Bacterial microleakage at the abutment-implant interface, in vitro study

Carlos Larrucea, Aparicio Conrado, Denise Olivares, Carlos Padilla, Andrea Barrera, Olga Lobos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Introduction: In implant rehabilitation, a microspace is created at the abutment-implant interface (AII). Previous research has shown that oral microbiome can proliferate in this microspace and affect periimplant tissues, causing inflammation in peri-implant tissues. Preventing microbial leakages through the AII is therefore an important goal in implantology. Objective: To determine the presence of marginal bacterial microleakage at the AII according to the torque applied to the prosthetic implant in vitro. Material and Methods: Twenty-five Ticare Inhex internal conical implants (MG Mozo-Grau, Valladolid, España) were connected to a prosthetic abutment using torques of <10, 10, 20, 30, and 30 N and then sealed. The samples were submitted to cycles of occlusal loads and thermocycling, then one sample of each group was observed by micro TC, while the rest were mounted on devices according to the bacterial leakage model with Porphyromonas gingivalis. Results: Bacterial leakage was observed only in the <10 and 10 N torque samples, and the same groups presented poor abutment/implant adjustment as determined by micro-CT. Conclusion: The different torques applied to the abutment-implant system condition the bacterial leakage at the implant interface. No microleakage was observed at 20 and 30 N.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-367
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2018


  • implant
  • internal connection
  • micro CT
  • microleakage
  • torque

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