Benzyl isothiocyanate inhibits prostate cancer development in the transgenic adenocarcinoma mouse prostate (TRAMP) model, which is associated with the induction of cell cycle G1 arrest

Han Jin Cho, Do Young Lim, Gyoo Taik Kwon, Ji Hee Kim, Zunnan Huang, Hyerim Song, Yoon Sin Oh, Young Hee Kang, Ki Won Lee, Zigang Dong, Jung Han Yoon Park

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC) is a hydrolysis product of glucotropaeolin, a compound found in cruciferous vegetables, and has been shown to have anti-tumor properties. In the present study, we investigated whether BITC inhibits the development of prostate cancer in the transgenic adenocarcinoma mouse prostate (TRAMP) mice. Five-week old, male TRAMP mice and their nontransgenic littermates were gavage-fed with 0, 5, or 10 mg/kg of BITC every day for 19 weeks. The weight of the genitourinary tract increased markedly in TRAMP mice and this increase was suppressed significantly by BITC feeding. H and E staining of the dorsolateral lobes of the prostate demonstrated that well-differentiated carcinoma (WDC) was a predominant feature in the TRAMP mice. The number of lobes with WDC was reduced by BITC feeding while that of lobes with prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia was increased. BITC feeding reduced the number of cells expressing Ki67 (a proliferation marker), cyclin A, cyclin D1, and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)2 in the prostatic tissue. In vitro cell culture results revealed that BITC decreased DNA synthesis, as well as CDK2 and CDK4 activity in TRAMP-C2 mouse prostate cancer cells. These results indicate that inhibition of cell cycle progression contributes to the inhibition of prostate cancer development in TRAMP mice treated with BITC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number264
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 22 2016

Keywords

  • Benzyl isothiocyanate
  • Cell cycle arrest
  • Prostate cancer development
  • TRAMP

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