Quadratic summation is presented as a rule that describes binocular contrast summation. The rule asserts that for left-eye and right-eye contrasts CL and CR, there is an effective binocular contrast C given by the formula: C = √(CL)2+(CR)2 Pairs of left-eye and right-eye stimuli that produce equal values of C are equivalent. Quadratic summation is applied to the results of experiments in which stimuli presented to the two eyes differ only in contrast. It provides a good, first-order account of binocular summation in contrast detection, contrast discrimination, dichoptic masking, contrast matching and reaction time studies. A binocular energy-detector model is presented as a basis for quadratic summation.
- Binocular summation
- Binocular vision