The replacement of natural fiber with biochars to prepare biocomposites has attracted widespread attention recently. Biochar has unique properties, including the porous structure, large specific surface area, high thermal stability, good conductivity, renewable and abundant feedstock source, and environmental friendliness, which provide excellent properties, environmental benefits, and low production costs for biochar-based composites. Biocomposites from organic solid waste-derived biochars show good prospects worldwide in terms of positive social, environmental, and economic impacts. This paper reviews current biochars, elucidates the effects of biochars on the characteristics and performance of biochar composites, and points out the challenges and future development prospects of biochar composites.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors appreciate that this work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province of China (No. ZR2019MEE036); the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Competitive Grant (No. 2016-67021-24533) from the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, United States Department of Agriculture; the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2018YFD1101001); the distinguished expert of the Taishan scholars Shandong province project and the higher education superior discipline team training program of Shandong province.
© 2020 by the authors.
- Organic solid waste management