Biological control of the western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) using the entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae

A. M. Journey, K. R. Ostlie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of field trials evaluated the efficacy of the entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser All strain for control of western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, larvae. Separate trials examined the effects of nematode application rate and timing on corn rootworm control in 1991. In the rate trial, S. carpocapsae (0, 104, 105, 106, and 107 nematodes per 30.5 row-cm) was applied as the insect population entered the second instar. Nematode treatment significantly reduced corn root injury and adult emergence. High application rates (106 and 107 nematodes per 30.5 row-cm) significantly outperformed low rates (104 and 105 nematodes per 30.5 row-cm). Nematode treatment (500,000 S. carpocapsae per 30.5 row-cm) reduced root injury and adult emergence slightly in the timing trial; later applications (second, third instar) were numerically, but not significantly, more effective than early (egg, first instar) ones. In 1992, a factorial trial combined four application dates (egg; first, second, third instar) and five rates (0, 104, 105, 106, 107 S. carpocapsae per 30.5 row-cm). Later applications (second, and particularly, third instar) were significantly more effective than early (egg, first instar) ones. Root injury and adult emergence in control and low rate (104 and 105 nematodes per 30.5 row-cm) plots significantly exceeded that in high rate (106 and 107 nematodes per 30.5 row-cm) plots. Commercially acceptable root protection (root injury ratings below 3.0) was provided by 106 nematodes per 30.5 cm of row applied to third instars, and by 107 nematodes per 30.5 cm of row applied to second and third instars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)822-831
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental entomology
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Biological control
  • Diabrotica virgifera virgifera
  • Entomopathogenic nematode
  • Field trial
  • Steinernema carpocapsae
  • Western corn rootworm

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Biological control of the western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) using the entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this