Biventricular pacing for congestive heart failure

Fei Lü, Leslie W. Miller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Despite significant advancements in pharmacological therapy, mortality continues to remain high in patients with congestive heart failure (1). Much attention has been paid to optimization of pacing modalities for patients with left ventricular dysfunction when ventricular pacing is required. Patients with congestive heart failure frequently have symptomatic chronotropic incompetence, sinus node dysfunction, or atrioventricular block, all of which are class I indications for cardiac pacing (2). In addition, atrial fibrillation afflicts 10 to 30% of patients with congestive heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Cardiac Anatomy, Physiology, and Devices
PublisherHumana Press
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)1588294439, 9781588294432
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005


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