Botulinum toxin in the management of bowel and bladder function in spinal cord injury and other neurologic disorders

Dennis D Dykstra

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Botulinum toxin inhibits release of acetylcholine and other neurotransmitters. It has been used successfully to treat pain and abnormal skeletal and smooth muscle activity in patients. This article discusses its use in patients with bladder and bowel disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)793-804
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003

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