Brain and behavior interface: Stress and the developing brain

Megan R. Gunnar, Carol L. Cheatham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

112 Scopus citations

Abstract

Animal studies have shown that mother-infant interactions can have long-term impacts on areas of the brain that regulate fearful behavior and the physiology of stress. Here, the research on human infants and children is reviewed with an eye to whether early experiences have similar effects in our species. Research shows that during the first year, sensitive and responsive caregiving becomes a powerful regulator of emotional behavior and neuroendocrine stress hormone activity in young children. Indeed, quality-of-care effects can be detected for children throughout the preschool years. Reviewed research suggests that temperament affects the likelihood that children will show increases in stress hormones as the quality of their care decreases. Finally, we review the literature on stress hormone activity in children who have been maltreated early in life, and explore the critical question of whether enhancing care later in development can reverse the effects on behavior and neurobiology of early adverse experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-211
Number of pages17
JournalInfant Mental Health Journal
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Brain and behavior interface: Stress and the developing brain'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this