Burden of vision loss in the Eastern Mediterranean region, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

Sare Safi, Hamid Ahmadieh, Marzieh Katibeh, Mehdi Yaseri, Alireza Ramezani, Saeid Shahraz, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ibrahim Khalil, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Michael Collison, Adrienne Chew, Farah Daoud, Kristopher J. Krohn, Zane Rankin, Ashkan Afshin, Nicholas J. Kassebaum, Helen E. Olsen, Jeffrey D. Stanaway, Haidong Wang, Katie WilsonGebre Yitayih Abyu, Ayman Al-Eyadhy, Khurshid Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Reza Alizadeh-Navaei, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Khalid A. Altirkawi, Nahla Anber, Hossein Ansari, Palwasha Anwari, Hamid Asayesh, Solomon Weldegebreal Asgedom, Tesfay Mehari Atey, Umar Bacha, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Zahid A. Butt, Abdulaal A. Chitheer, Shirin Djalalinia, Huyen Do Phuc, Babak Eshrati, Maryam S. Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Tsegaye Tewelde Gebrehiwot, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Tarig B. Higazi, Mohamed Hsairi, Aida Jimenez-Corona, Denny John, Jost B. Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Saleh Khader, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Heidi J. Larson, Asma Abdul Latif, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Mohammed Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Reza Malekzadeh, Colm McAlinden, Ziad A. Memish, Ted R. Miller, Seyed Farzad Mohammadi, Vinay Nangia, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Quyen Le Nguyen, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Saleem M. Rana, David Laith Rawaf, Salman Rawaf, Andre M.N. Renzaho, Satar Rezaei, Gholamreza Roshandel, Mahdi Safdarian, Saeid Safiri, Payman Salamati, Abdallah M. Samy, Benn Sartorius, Sadaf G. Sepanlou, Masood Ali Shaikh, Eirini Skiadaresi, Badr H.A. Sobaih, Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader, Hugh R. Taylor, Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi, Mohamad Hani Temsah, Roman Topor-Madry, Bach Xuan Tran, Miltiadis Tsilimbaris, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Olalekan A. Uthman, Tolassa Wakayo, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z. Younis, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Aisha O. Jumaan, Theo Vos, Simon I. Hay, Mohsen Naghavi, Christopher J.L. Murray, Ali H. Mokdad, Ali H. Mokdad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To report the estimated trend in prevalence and years lived with disability (YLDs) due to vision loss (VL) in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015. Methods: The estimated trends in age-standardized prevalence and the YLDs rate due to VL in 22 EMR countries were extracted from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study. The association of Socio-demographic Index (SDI) with changes in prevalence and YLDs of VL was evaluated using a multilevel mixed model. Results: The age-standardized prevalence of VL in the EMR was 18.2% in 1990 and 15.5% in 2015. The total age-standardized YLDs rate attributed to all-cause VL in EMR was 536.9 per 100,000 population in 1990 and 482.3 per 100,000 population in 2015. For each 0.1 unit increase in SDI, the age-standardized prevalence and YLDs rate of VL showed a reduction of 1.5% (p < 0.001) and 23.9 per 100,000 population (p < 0.001), respectively. Conclusions: The burden of VL is high in the EMR; however, it shows a descending trend over the past 25 years. EMR countries need to establish comprehensive eye care programs in their health care systems.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 3 2017

Keywords

  • Eastern Mediterranean region
  • Global burden of disease
  • Vision disorder
  • Vision impairment

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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