A recently discovered endogenous autacoid, C-type natriuretic peptide, was tested in a pheochromocytoma (PC12) cell line for effects on 1) catecholamine release induced by a depolarizing stimulus, 2) guanylyl and adenylyl cyclase activities, and 3) specific 125I-labeled atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) binding. C-type natriuretic peptide suppressed evoked neurotransmitter release in the absence of guanylyl cyclase activation or adenylyl cyclase inhibition; however, both a 'clearance' (ANP-C) receptor binding agent, des- [Gln18Ser19Gly20Leu21Gly22]-ANF-(4-23)-NH2 (cANF), and pertussis toxin prevented this neuromodulatory effect. The C-type natriuretic peptide preferentially bound to receptors that also bound cANF. The results suggest that C-type natriuretic peptide suppressed evoked neurotransmitter efflux by binding to ANP-C receptors coupled to a pertussis toxin-sensitive process; furthermore, the neuromodulatory effect of C-type natriuretic peptide occurred independently of guanylyl cyclase activation or adenylyl cyclase inhibition. The novel aspects of these findings are 1) neuromodulatory effects of C-type natriuretic peptide, 2) guanylyl cyclase-independent actions of C-type natriuretic peptide, and 3) ANP-C receptors mediating C- type natriuretic peptide actions.
- adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate
- clearance receptors
- guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate
- guanylyl cyclase
- natriuretic peptides