This paper presents models for on-site electricity and steam generation technologies in the US paper, petroleum, and chemical industries in 1998, calibrated against several federal data sources. Our models of six energy conversion modes provide estimates of energy inputs, thermal and electricity outputs, and recovered waste heat for boilers and for steam turbines, gas turbines and internal combustion prime movers used in these industries. Our results include electric conversion and waste heat recovery efficiencies for each prime mover, and overall conversion efficiencies for on-site power and steam production in these industries.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Applied Thermal Engineering|
|State||Published - Apr 2006|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the US Department of Energy through Battelle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory under Task Order 11457 of Master Agreement 6630 and through a research agreement with the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. We wish to thank Chris Schaber, graduate student in the Mechanical Engineering Department at the University of Washington, for his assistance in organizing and interpreting the EIA 860B data.
- Electric conversion efficiency
- Energy use
- Overall conversion efficiency
- Steam generation
- Waste heat recovery efficiency