Canine Uroliths: Frequently Asked Questions and Their Answers

Lori A. Koehler, Carl A. Osborne, Michelle T. Buettner, Jody P. Lulich, Rosalie Behnke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


This article is devoted to answering frequently asked questions from veterinarians, veterinary technicians, and pet owners about urolithiasis and the detection, treatment, and prevention of various types of uroliths from various locations in the urinary tract. It has been divided into the following topics: urolith analysis, urolith types, diagnosis, treatment and prevention, urolith recurrence, urinalysis, diet, water, and miscellaneous. The information is geared toward both professionals (eg, the chemical analysis of uroliths) and pet owners (eg, the practical considerations of diet). It includes photographs of various stones and a checklist of factors that suggest the probable mineral composition of canine uroliths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-181
Number of pages21
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Calculi
  • Crystalluria
  • Question
  • Urine pH
  • Urolith


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