Canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling drives human schwann cell transformation, progression, and tumor maintenance.

Adrienne L. Watson, Eric P. Rahrmann, Branden S. Moriarity, Kwangmin Choi, Caitlin B. Conboy, Andrew D. Greeley, Amanda L. Halfond, Leah K. Anderson, Brian R. Wahl, Vincent W. Keng, Anthony E. Rizzardi, Colleen L. Forster, Margaret H. Collins, Aaron L. Sarver, Margaret R. Wallace, Stephen C. Schmechel, Nancy Ratner, David A. Largaespada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Genetic changes required for the formation and progression of human Schwann cell tumors remain elusive. Using a Sleeping Beauty forward genetic screen, we identified several genes involved in canonical Wnt signaling as potential drivers of benign neurofibromas and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs). In human neurofibromas and MPNSTs, activation of Wnt signaling increased with tumor grade and was associated with downregulation of β-catenin destruction complex members or overexpression of a ligand that potentiates Wnt signaling, R-spondin 2 (RSPO2). Induction of Wnt signaling was sufficient to induce transformed properties in immortalized human Schwann cells, and downregulation of this pathway was sufficient to reduce the tumorigenic phenotype of human MPNST cell lines. Small-molecule inhibition of Wnt signaling effectively reduced the viability of MPNST cell lines and synergistically induced apoptosis when combined with an mTOR inhibitor, RAD-001, suggesting that Wnt inhibition represents a novel target for therapeutic intervention in Schwann cell tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)674-689
Number of pages16
JournalCancer Discovery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2013


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