Cardiac Anaphylaxis in Isolated Guinea Pig Hearts Perfused at Constant Flow or Constant Pressure

Jean F Regal, L. J. Heller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute responses to antigen-antibody interactions (anaphylactic reactions) in isolated guinea pig hearts are reported to include decreases in coronary flow, increases in heart rate, prolongation of impulse propagation, development of arrhythmias, and transient increases followed by substantial decreases in ventricular contractile force. It is not clear from these studies, however, whether all of the changes are direct effects of the mediators released by the antigen-antibody reaction or whether some of them are indirect results of the severe reduction in flow evoked by coronary vasoconstriction. Therefore, the present study was designed to assess cardiac anaphylactic events in isolated hearts of guinea pigs passively sensitized with IgG antibody to ovalbumin under conditions in which coronary perfusion pressure was maintained constant and to compare the responses to those of hearts in which coronary flow was maintained at a constant rate. Our data indicate that when coronary flow decreased during anaphylaxis (constant pressure perfusion), hearts responded to antigen challenge with greater (i) prolongation of the PR interval, (ii) duration of arrhythmias, (iii) suppression of left ventricular systolic pressure, and (iv) release of histamine and adenosine plus inosine into the venous effluent than when coronary flow was maintained during anaphylaxis (constant flow perfusion). The data suggest that maintenance of coronary flow during cardiac anaphylaxis may attenuate the severity of the functional derangement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-200
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Volume185
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1987

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