Cardiac development

Brad J. Martinsen, Jamie L. Lohr

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


The primary heart field, secondary heart field, cardiac neural crest, and proepicardial organ are the four major embryonic regions involved in vertebrate heart development. They each make an important contribution to cardiac development with complex developmental timing and regulation. This chapter describes how these regions interact to form the final structure of the heart in relationship to the developmental timeline of human embryology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Cardiac Anatomy, Physiology, and Devices
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherHumana Press
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9781588294432
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005


  • Cardiac development
  • Cardiac neural crest
  • Human heart embryology
  • Primary heart field
  • Proepicardial organ
  • Secondary heart field

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