Data on cardiovascular risk factors (body mass index, triceps and subscapular skinfolds, blood pressure, serum total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B) were collected as part of the baseline examination (fall 1991) of the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health, a multicenter school-based intervention study for promoting healthful behaviors. A total of 5,106 third grade children (mean age, 8.76 years) in four states (California, Louisiana, Minnesota, and Texas) were examined. After excluding 194 children of other or unknown origin, the study population consisted of 3,530 Anglo-American children, 674 African-American children, and 708 Latino children. African-American children were the tallest by 1-3 cm (p <0.0001), while Latino children had the largest body mass index (p <0.05). Blood pressure levels were similar for boys and girls and among the three races, but systolic levels were 2 mmHg higher in Texas than at the other sites. Serum total cholesterol levels were 5 mg/dl higher in girls than in boys (p <0.05), while HDL cholesterol levels were 2 mg/dl higher in boys (p <0.05). HDL cholesterol levels were highest in African-Americans (55.5 mg/dl) compared with Anglo-Americans (50.7 mg/dl) and Latinos (51.3 mg/dl) (p <0.0001).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||American journal of epidemiology|
|State||Published - Mar 1 1995|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by funds from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the US Public Health Service: U01-HL-39880, U01-HL-39906, U01-HL-39852, U01-HL-39927, and U01-HL-39870.
- Blood pressure
- Ethnic groups
- Risk factors