CD98 is a protein found on the surface of many activated cell types, and is implicated in the regulation of cellular differentiation, adhesion, growth, and apoptosis. Despite many studies addressing CD98 function, there is little information on the intracellular signalling pathways that mediate its activity. In this study, we examine protein kinase pathways that are activated following ligation by the CD98 antibody AHN-18, an antibody that induces U937 homotypic aggregation and inhibits antigen presenting activity and T-cell activation. Ligation by CD98 antibody AHN-18 induces tyrosine kinase activity, but inhibition of this activity does not affect U937 aggregation. Ligation also induces membrane translocation of the serine/threonine kinase novel PKCδ, but not other members of the PKC family. Translocation is blocked by rottlerin, and this inhibitor also blocks aggregation. PKCδ activation in turn mediates activation of ERK1/2 and p38, as well as tyrosine phosphorylation of multiple proteins, and MAPK activation is essential for cellular aggregation. One of the targets of CD98-induced tyrosine phosphorylation is itself PKCδ, suggesting that this phosphorylation may act as a negative feedback to limit the overall activation of the CD98 pathway.