A survey assessed the extent to which state health departments monitor and prioritize the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's consensus set of health status indicators. A response rate of 100% was obtained. Although mortality indicators are often monitored, only 75.5% of the states monitor work-related injury deaths. Most states monitor the incidence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, measles, tuberculosis, and syphilis. Low birthweight, births to adolescents, and lack of prenatal care are monitored in nearly all states and are considered high-priority problems. Only 46.9% of states are monitoring poor air quality, and only 58.8% are monitoring childhood poverty. Survey results suggest a need for standardized assessment of indicators for policy development and program planning.