Quantitative increases in HMG-CoA reductase, the rate-limiting enzyme in sterol biosynthesis, induce membrane biogenesis in both yeast and mammalian cells. The subcellular organization of the resulting membrane differs in the two cell types: mammalian cells generate crystalloid endoplasmic reticulum whereas yeast cells assemble karmellae. We examined the consequences of heterologous expression of HMG-CoA reductase to distinguish features of this response that were cell-type specific from those that were isozyme-specific. This analysis demonstrated that membrane proliferation was induced in both mammalian and yeast cells by HMG-CoA reductase from either organism. However, the morphology of the induced membranes was determined by the cell type rather than the particular isozyme. Thus, both yeast and mammalian HMG-CoA reductase contained functional signals for membrane proliferation that were operational in either cell type, but the qualitative response to those signals was cell-type specific.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1990|