A variety of opioid antagonists have been reported to decrease short-term food intake, but few appear to reduce long-term intake. In the present study we evaluated the effect of a relatively new class of opioid antagonists, 3,4-dimethyl-4-phenylpiperidines, on short-term and long-term food intake after central administration. We also evaluated their affinities for the μ and κ opioid receptor sites in synaptosomal membranes derived from rat whole brain tissue (minus cerebellum) and guinea-pig cortex, respectively. The affinities for the μ receptor sites were LY255582 > LY217273 > LY256897 > naloxone > LY227444. The affinities for the κ receptor sites were LY255582 > LY256897 = LY217273 > LY227444. LY255582 reduced food intake up to 24 h after a single intraventricular injection. Doses as low as 1 μg of LY255582 decreased food intake for up to 4 h. All other drugs were much less powerful. Naloxone and LY256897 only decreased food intake after injection of the 100 μg dose. LY227444 and LY217273 failed to decrease intake at all doses tested. LY255582 (100 μg) decreased food intake over a 7 day period when injected intraventricularly once per day. The body weight of the rats also decreased during the 7 day period. Upon cessation of drug administration body weights and food intake approached control levels. Thus, LY255582 appears to be a very potent and long-acting anorectic agent which may be useful in the treatment of obesity. The μ and κ binding profile of the phenylpiperidines does not seem to clearly correlate with their anorectic activity.
- Food intake
- Opioid antagonist