Changing face of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in Melbourne over 12 years

N.J. Sathianathen, A.D. Lamb, N.L. Lawrentschuk, J.R. Goad, J. Peters, A.J. Costello, D.G. Murphy, D.A. Moon

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2017 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Background: This study aims to characterize the trends in disease presentation for robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) over a 12-year period in Melbourne, Australia. Methods: All patients undergoing an RARP between 2004 and October 2016 while under the care of six high-volume surgeons were included in this study. Data were collected prospectively regarding patient demographics and clinical details of their cancer. Results: Over the 12-year time span of the study, 3075 men underwent an RARP with a median age of 63.01 years. Temporal analysis demonstrated that the median age of patients undergoing prostatectomy advanced with time with the median age in 2 016 being 65.51 years compared with 61.0 years in 2004 (P < 0.001). There was also a significant trend to increased D'Amico risk groups over time with the percentage procedures for high-risk patients increasing from 12.6% to 28.10% from 2004 to 2016 (P < 0.001). Upgrade rates between biopsy and pathological Gleason grade scoring significantly trended down over the period of the study (P < 0.001). There was also a shift to increased pathological stage over the 12 years with 22.1% of men having T3 disease in 2004 compared with 49.8% in 2016. Conclusion: Our analysis demonstrates increasing treatment of older men with higher risk tumours, consistent with international trends. While this largely reflects a shift in case selection, further work is needed to assess whether the stage shift may relate partially to a decline in screening and increased presentation of higher risk disease.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E200-E203
JournalANZ Journal of Surgery
Volume88
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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