Characterization of a microalga Chlorella sp. well adapted to highly concentrated municipal wastewater for nutrient removal and biodiesel production

Yecong Li, Yi Feng Chen, Paul Chen, Min Min, Wenguang Zhou, Blanca Martinez, Jun Zhu, Rog Ruan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

449 Scopus citations

Abstract

The feasibility of growing Chlorella sp. in the centrate, a highly concentrated municipal wastewater stream generated from activated sludge thickening process, for simultaneous wastewater treatment and energy production was tested. The characteristics of algal growth, biodiesel production, wastewater nutrient removal and the viability of scale-up and the stability of continuous operation were examined. Two culture media, namely autoclaved centrate (AC) and raw centrate (RC) were used for comparison. The results showed that by the end of a 14-day batch culture, algae could remove ammonia, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and chemical oxygen demand (COD) by 93.9%, 89.1%, 80.9%, and 90.8%, respectively from raw centrate, and the fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) content was 11.04% of dry biomass providing a biodiesel yield of 0.12. g-biodiesel/L-algae culture solution. The system could be successfully scaled up, and continuously operated at 50% daily harvesting rate, providing a net biomass productivity of 0.92. g-algae/(L day).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5138-5144
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume102
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011

Keywords

  • Biodiesel production
  • Microalgae Chlorella
  • Municipal wastewater
  • Nutrient removal

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