Characterization of helper factors distinct from interleukin 2 necessary for the generation of allospecific cytolytic T lymphocytes

R. D. Garman, D. P. Fan

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29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The in vitro generation of primary murine allospecific cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) from BALB/c (H-2(d)) spleen cell precursors in response to x-irradiated RDM4 (H-2(K)) tumor cells did not occur unless the cultures were supplemented with exogenous helper factors. Such CTL helper factors (CHF) could be provided by conditioned medium from cultures in which Sendai virus-immune BALB/c spleen cells were stimulated either with Sendai-infected cells (SC-CM) or with peptides cleaved by CNBr from intact virions (SP-CM). CHF activity stimulated by both antigens reached a maximum after day 3 of culture. In contrast, interleukin 2 (IL 2) activity peaked at day 2 and had essentially disappeared by day 4. Fractionation of day-4 SC-CM and SP-CM preparations by gel filtration revealed peaks of activity at apparent m.w. of 17,000 (CHF17) and 30,000 (CHF30). Under certain conditions, a peak of CHF activity appeared in the void volume with an apparent m.w. of 75,000 or greater. These results indicate that CHF activity is mediated by molecules distinct from IL 2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)756-762
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume130
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1983

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