Characterization of luteinizing hormone secretion in the primiparous, lactating sow: relationship to blood metabolites and return-to-estrus interval.

M. D. Tokach, J. E. Pettigrew, G. D. Dial, J. E. Wheaton, Brian A Crooker, Lee J Johnston

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Abstract

Lactating, primiparous Landrace x Yorkshire sows were used to characterize LH secretion during lactation in sows that experienced an early (less than 9 d; n = 14) or late (greater than 15 d; n = 9) return to estrous postweaning and to evaluate the relationship between LH secretion and blood metabolites. Twenty-three sows were fed one of nine corn-soybean meal diets to achieve a matrix of lysine (15 to 45 g/d) and energy (6.5 to 16.5 Mcal of ME/d) intakes and a range in metabolite concentrations and return-to-estrus intervals. Blood samples for LH analysis were collected every 15 min for 6 h on d 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28 of lactation. Circulating concentrations of glucose, amino acids, insulin, triglycerides, urea N, and nonesterified fatty acids also were measured on d 7 and 21. Mean LH concentrations were .27 and .42 ng/mL at farrowing for sows with an early and late return to estrus, respectively, but decreased (P less than .01) to .12 ng/mL by d 7 in both early and late groups. Mean LH and number of LH peaks per 6 h increased linearly (P less than .01) from d 7 to 28 for early sows. Early sows had a higher LH mean and more LH peaks per 6 h on d 14, 21, and 28 than did late sows (P less than .05). Early sows had higher serum insulin on d 7 (P less than .05) and d 21 (P less than .01) than did late sows. Concentrations of other metabolites did not differ (P less than .10) between early and late sows.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2195-2201
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume70
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1992

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