Characterization of the defence response to Venturia inaequalis in 'Honeycrisp' apple, its ancestors, and progeny

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Abstract

The apple cultivar Honeycrisp exhibits genetic resistance to apple scab. The characterization of the macroscopic and microscopic responses on leaves infected by the pathogen Venturia inaequalis is described. The macroscopic resistance reactions observed in 'Honeycrisp', its parent 'Keepsake', and grandparents 'Frostbite' and 'Northern Spy' ranged from 0 (no reaction) to chlorotic flecking, stellate chlorosis, necrotic flecking, and sporulation. No hypersensitive response was observed. The resistance response occurred as early as 7 days post inoculation (dpi) at the same time that susceptible plants exhibited macroscopic signs of the disease. The resistance reactions were similar in the progeny population of 'Honeycrisp' × 'Twin Bee Gala', although they were delayed to 10-14 dpi possibly due to variable greenhouse conditions. This population segregated 3 resistant:1 susceptible, which suggests the presence of two genes in 'Honeycrisp' and agrees with the finding that different responses within 'Honeycrisp' to mixed inoculum are due to differential recognition of pathogen effectors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-81
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology
Volume140
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

Keywords

  • Apple scab
  • Malus
  • Malus-Venturia Pathosystem
  • Venturia inaequalis

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