Characterizing and designing polycation - Clay nanocomposites as a basis for imazapyr controlled release formulations

Adi Radian, Yael G. Mishael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel controlled release formulation (CRF) of the herbicide imazapyr (IMP) was designed to reduce its leaching, which causes soil and water contamination. The anionic herbicide IMP was bound to polydiallyldimethylammonium-chloride (PDADMAC)-montmorillonite composites. PDADMAC adsorption reached a high loading of polymer, which resulted in charge reversal of the clay and promoted IMP binding. The composites were characterized by Fourier transform infrared, zeta potential, and X-ray diffraction measurements, indicating electrostatic interactions of the polycation with the surface, polycation intercalation in the clay and suggesting a configuration as loops and tails on the surface at high loadings. IMP binding to the composites is affected by polycation loading and flocculation. Upon adding high concentrations of IMP to a composite of 0.16 g/g, we obtained high herbicide loadings (66% active ingredient). IMP release from the CRFs applied on a thin layer of soil was substantially slower than its release from the commercial formulation (Arsenal). Accordingly, soil column bioassays indicated reduced herbicide leaching (nearly 2-fold) upon applying the CRFs while maintaining good herbicidal activity. The new PDADMAC-clay formulations are promising from the environmental and weed control management points of view.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1511-1516
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

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