Chemokine treatment rescues profound T-lineage progenitor homing defect after bone marrow transplant conditioning in mice

Shirley L. Zhang, Xinxin Wang, Sugata Manna, Daniel A. Zlotoff, Jerrod L. Bryson, Bruce R. Blazar, Avinash Bhandoola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Development of T cells in the thymus requires continuous importation of T-lineage progenitors from the bone marrow via the circulation. Following bone marrow transplant, recovery of a normal peripheral T-cell pool depends on production of naïve T cells in the thymus; however, delivery of progenitors to the thymus limits T-lineage reconstitution. Here, we examine homing of intravenously delivered progenitors to the thymus following irradiation and bone marrow reconstitution. Surprisingly, following host conditioning by irradiation, we find that homing of lymphoid-primed multipotent progenitors and common lymphoid progenitors to the thymus decreases more than 10-fold relative to unirradiated mice. The reduction in thymic homing in irradiated mice is accompanied by a significant reduction in CCL25, an important chemokine ligand for thymic homing. We show that pretreatment of bone marrow progenitors with CCL25 and CCL21 corrects the defect in thymic homing after irradiation and promotes thymic reconstitution. These data suggest new therapeutic approaches to promote T-cell regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-304
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume124
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2014

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