Anxiety disorders is one of the most prevalent diagnostic categories identified in children and adolescents. This chapter provides an overview of the epidemiology of childhood anxiety disorders. Several pathways of etiology are presented, specifically genetics, parent-child attachment, parental anxiety and parenting style, and life experiences. Six of the common childhood anxiety disorders, separation anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and panic disorder, are reviewed. Cognitive-behavioral therapy and psychopharmacology are summarized as effective treatment approaches for childhood anxiety disorders.
- Childhood anxiety disorders
- Generalized anxiety disorders
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Panic disorder
- Separation anxiety disorder
- Social phobia
- Specific phobia