Childhood stress and resilience

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Overwhelming experiences that are perceived as negative, unpredictable, and uncontrollable—stressors—threaten children’s cognitive and emotional development, behavior, health, and socialization. Chronically high exposure to such threats can lead to functional impairments and biological derangements, which depend in part upon developmental timing and individual differences in physiological responses. Buffers against stress, often called protective factors, include influences that are both within children themselves as well as external to them. The capacity to successfully develop even when faced by chronic adversity and stress—resilience—depends upon the incorporation of these protective factors into a child’s life over time. A number of preventive interventions aim to help build resilience among children and adolescents at high risk due to chronic stress. While some of the interventions operate at a large scale, others target individual children who already show signs of distress or poor functioning. All such programs promote protective factors to positively impact children’s biological, psychological, and social well-being. This chapter defines stress and reviews its effects, summarizes protective factors and their connections to resilient outcomes, and provides an overview of resilience-promoting interventions in children and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHealth Promotion for Children and Adolescents
PublisherSpringer US
Pages85-98
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781489977113
ISBN (Print)9781489977090
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)
  • Allostasis
  • Biofeedback
  • Hypnosis
  • Mindfulness
  • Parenting
  • Protective factors
  • Psychosocial risk
  • Resilience
  • Stress

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