Chronic subdural hematoma outcome prediction using logistic regression and an artificial neural network

Mehdi Abouzari, Armin Rashidi, Mehdi Zandi-Toghani, Mehrdad Behzadi, Marjan Asadollahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Artificial neural networks (ANN) have not been used in chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) outcome prediction following surgery. We used two methods, namely logistic regression and ANN, to predict using eight variables CSDH outcome as assessed by the Glasgow outcome score (GOS) at discharge. We had 300 patients (213 men and 87 women) and potential predictors were age, sex, midline shift, intracranial air, hematoma density, hematoma thickness, brain atrophy, and Glasgow coma score (GCS). The dataset was randomly divided to three subsets: (1) training set (150 cases), (2) validation set (75 cases), and (3) test set (75 cases). The training and validation sets were combined for regression analysis. Patients aged 56.5±18.1 years and 228 (76.0%) of them had a favorable outcome. The prevalence of brain atrophy, intracranial air, midline shift, low GCS, thick hematoma, and hyperdense hematoma was 142 (47.3%), 156 (52.0%), 177 (59.0%), 82 (27.3%), 135 (45.0%), and 52 (17.3%), respectively. The regression model did not show an acceptable performance on the test set (area under the curve (AUC)=0.594; 95% CI, 0.435-0.754; p=0.250). It had a sensitivity of 69% and a specificity of 46%, and correctly classified 50.7% of cases. A four-layer 8-3-4-1 feedforward backpropagation ANN was then developed and trained. The ANN showed a remarkably superior performance compared to the regression model (AUC=0.767; 95% CI, 0.652-0.882; p=0.001). It had a sensitivity of 88% and a specificity of 68%, and correctly classified 218 (72.7%) cases. Considering that GOS strongly correlates with the risk of recurrence, the ANN model can also be used to predict the recurrence of CSDH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-484
Number of pages6
JournalNeurosurgical Review
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009

Keywords

  • Chronic subdural hematoma
  • Neural network
  • Outcome prediction
  • Regression

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