Circulating CD14+HLA‐DRlo/‐ monocytic cells as a biomarker for epithelial ovarian cancer progression

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Abstract

Problem Previous studies identified circulating CD14+HLA‐DRlo/‐ monocytic cells as an immune suppressive subset in solid malignancies, such as prostate, renal cell carcinoma, and pancreatic cancer. Such monocytic cells have been implicated not only in tumor progression but also as a potential barrier for immunotherapy. This study examined the relationship between the frequency of circulating monocytic cells and epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) progression pre‐ and post‐frontline chemotherapy, defined by disease stage, which is a leading prognostic factor for this malignancy. Method of study Incident cases of 236 women with EOC were recruited and comprehensive flow cytometry was utilized to assess the frequency of peripheral blood CD33+CD11b+HLA‐DR‐/lowCD14+CD15‐ monocytic cells, henceforth termed CD14+HLA‐DRlo/‐ monocytic cells, prior to and after completion of frontline chemotherapy. Multivariable odds ratios (OR) were used to estimate the association between CD14+HLA‐DRlo/‐ monocytic cell percentages and disease stage. Wilcoxon signed‐rank tests evaluated changes in these monocytic cell levels pre‐ and post‐chemotherapy in a patient subset (n=70). Results Patients with elevated frequencies of circulating CD14+HLA‐DRlo/‐ monocytic cells at diagnosis were at 3.33‐fold greater odds of having advanced stage (III/IV) EOC (CI: 1.04‐10.64), with a significant trend in increasing CD14+HLA‐DRlo/‐ monocytic cell levels (p=0.04). There was a 2.02% median decrease of these monocytic cells post‐chemotherapy among a subset of patients with advanced stage disease (p<0.0001). Conclusion These findings support the potential clinical relevance of CD14+HLA‐DRlo/‐ monocytic cells in EOC for prognosis and may indicate a non‐invasive biomarker to measure disease progression.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • MDSC
  • Immunoepidemiology
  • Cancer immunity
  • Monocytes
  • Macrophages
  • Innate immunity
  • Myeloid cells
  • Ovarian Cancer

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