Classification of motor imagery by means of cortical current density estimation and Von Neumann entropy

Baharan Kamousi, Ali Nasiri Amini, Bin He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

The goal of the present study is to employ the source imaging methods such as cortical current density estimation for the classification of left- and right-hand motor imagery tasks, which may be used for brain-computer interface (BCI) applications. The scalp recorded EEG was first preprocessed by surface Laplacian filtering, time-frequency filtering, noise normalization and independent component analysis. Then the cortical imaging technique was used to solve the EEG inverse problem. Cortical current density distributions of left and right trials were classified from each other by exploiting the concept of Von Neumann entropy. The proposed method was tested on three human subjects (180 trials each) and a maximum accuracy of 91.5% and an average accuracy of 88% were obtained. The present results confirm the hypothesis that source analysis methods may improve accuracy for classification of motor imagery tasks. The present promising results using source analysis for classification of motor imagery enhances our ability of performing source analysis from single trial EEG data recorded on the scalp, and may have applications to improved BCI systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number002
Pages (from-to)17-25
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of neural engineering
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

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