Cognitive Neuroscience and the Prefrontal Cortex: Normative Development and Vulnerability to Psychopathology

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This chapter considers how psychopathology can develop as a consequence of deficiencies in the prefrontal cortex's (PFC's) ability to regulate behavior and highlights how cognitive neuroscientific techniques have contributed to this area of inquiry. First, the chapter defines what is meant by the prefrontal cortex. Historical perspectives on prefrontal function as derived from early studies in experimental neuropsychology are presented. This is followed by a discussion on behaviors that are believed to be PFC-mediated. How these behaviors develop from infancy through young adulthood is explained next. The discussion of behavioral development emphasizes how cognitive neuroscientific techniques have been used to study the correspondences among the PFC's structural, neurophysiological, and functional developments. Once these normative principles of PFC development have been derived, their implications for psychopathology in the developmental period are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDevelopmental Neuroscience
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons Ltd.
Pages292-331
Number of pages40
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9780470939390
ISBN (Print)047123737X, 9780471237372
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 6 2015

Keywords

  • Behavioral regulation
  • Cognitive neuroscience
  • Cognitive neuroscience
  • Normative development
  • Prefrontal cortex
  • Vulnerability to psychopathology

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