Glioblastoma is a fatal brain tumor that becomes highly vascularized by secreting proangiogenic factors and depends on continued angiogenesis to increase in size. Consequently, a successful antiangiogenic therapy should provide long-term inhibition of tumor-induced angiogenesis, suggesting long-term gene transfer as a therapeutic strategy. In this study a soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (sFlt-1) and an angiostatin-endostatin fusion gene (statin-AE) were codelivered to human glioblastoma xenografts by nonviral gene transfer using the Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon. In subcutaneously implanted xenografts, co-injection of both transgenes showed marked anti-tumor activity as demonstrated by reduction of tumor vessel density, inhibition or abolition of glioma growth, and increase in animal survival (P = 0.003). Using luciferase-stable engrafted intracranial gliomas, the anti-tumor effect of convection-enhanced delivery of plasmid DNA into the tumor was assessed by luciferase in vivo imaging. Sustained tumor regression of intracranial gliomas was achieved only when statin-AE and sFlt-1 transposons were coadministered with SB-transposase-encoding DNA to facilitate long-term expression. We show that SB can be used to increase animal survival significantly (P = 0.008) by combinatorial antiangiogenic gene transfer in an intracranial glioma model.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
These studies were conducted with grant support from the University of Minnesota Cancer Center and the Arnold Mabel Beckman Center for Transposon Research. John Ohlfest and Rachel Saplis were supported by a NIH cancer biology training grant.
- Sleeping beauty