Community Pharmacist Utilization of Legislation That Allows Impact on the Opioid Crisis in the State of Minnesota: A Mixed-Methods Approach

Laura C Palombi, Amanda N. Hawthorne, Scott A Lunos, Kelsey Melgaard, Ashley Dahly, Heather L Blue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: As opioid overdose deaths climb, legislation supporting pharmacists in developing their role to address the crisis has expanded. Although Minnesota pharmacists are encouraged to utilize opiate antagonist, syringe access and authorized collector legislation, the use patterns of these tools are unknown. Methods: A mixed-methods approach was used to survey 8405 Minnesota-licensed pharmacists on their practices related to the opioid crisis. An analysis of community pharmacist utilization of opioid-related legislation was conducted. Results: The majority (88.64%) of respondents indicated that they had not dispensed naloxone in the past month using a protocol; 59.69% reported that they had not dispensed naloxone by any method in the past month. Over sixty percent (60.61%) of respondents agreed they are comfortable with dispensing syringes and would dispense noninsulin syringes in their pharmacy under the statewide Syringe Access Initiative; 25.86% reported that they are not comfortable dispensing syringes. The majority (78.64%) of respondents reported that they do not participate in collecting unwanted pharmaceuticals. Conclusion: While pharmacists have the potential to play a key role in efforts focused on addressing the opioid crisis through harm reduction strategies, this role and the use of supporting legislation is currently underutilized in the state of Minnesota.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-808
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pharmacy Practice
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the community members who supported this work, including the Minnesota Board of Pharmacy, Minnesota Pharmacists Association, and Minnesota Department of Health. Statistical support was provided by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences of the National Institutes of Health Award Number UL1TR000114.


  • naloxone
  • opioid
  • protocol
  • social and administrative sciences
  • syringe

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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