Comparative in vivo and ex vivo pacing and sensing performance study using isolated four-chamber working swine heart model

T. G. Laske, N. D. Skadsberg, Paul A Iaizzo

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A study was conducted comparing the pacing and sensing performance of an endocardial pacing lead (5076, Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, MN) in vivo to an ex vivo isolated heart model designed to work all four chambers under simulated in vivo physiologic conditions. The lead was implanted in vivo using fluoroscopic guidance. Standard stimulation and sensing parameters were recorded. Using standard cardiac surgical techniques, 8 porcine hearts were excised and reperfused in a working heart model retaining their original lead placement. Following stabilization, the electrical measurements were repeated. Ex vivo electrical values were significantly decreased relative to the in vivo measurements: R-wave amplitude by 39%, P-wave amplitude by 39%, slew rate by 62%, and pacing impedance by 34%. Pacing threshold values were similar in vivo and ex vivo. Variations in performance were in part attributed to local tissue deformation in the isolated heart preparation leading to differences in lead slack and orientation. This comparative study substantiated the value of utilizing the isolated heart model to visualize and simultaneously evaluate lead pacing and sensing performance in comparison with in vivo experimental procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1264-1265
Number of pages2
JournalAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
EventProceedings of the 2002 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 24th Annual Conference and the 2002 Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES / EMBS) - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: Oct 23 2002Oct 26 2002


  • Leads
  • Pacing

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