Comparison of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with dot immunobinding assay for detection of antibodies against Pasteurella multocida in turkeys.

K. H. Choi, S. K. Maheswaran, T. W. Molitor

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A dot immunobinding assay (DIA) was developed to detect antibodies against Pasteurella multocida in turkey serum. Five coating antigens, namely, whole-cell (WC) antigen, sonicated cell lysate (SCL), crude capsular extract (CE), formalin extract (FE), and heat-stable antigen (HSA), were compared by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and DIA using reference antisera against P. multocida organisms. WC and SCL antigens showed higher sensitivity, whereas FE and HSA antigens were more specific coating antigens in both assays. The specificity of DIA was greater than ELISA by comparing the P/N ratios of HSA against serum prepared from heterologous serotype of P. multocida. The DIA had also several distinct advantages over the ELISA, which included reduction of the manipulation time and more uniform binding of coating antigens onto the nitrocellulose membranes compared with binding of coating antigens to microtiter plates for ELISA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)539-547
Number of pages9
JournalAvian diseases
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1990

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