Comparison of methods for measurement of enzootic pneumonia lesions in pigs.

Peter R Davies, P. B. Bahnson, J. J. Grass, W. E. Marsh, G. D. Dial

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

A rapid subjective method for estimating the extent of gross pneumonia lesions in slaughtered pigs was compared with dissection of lungs in 51 slaughtered pigs. After standardization for prevalence in the regional industry, regression analysis indicated that the subjective method was highly predictive of the extent of pneumonic lesions (R2 = 0.88). Part of the error with the subjective method was attributed to approximations used for the relative proportions of lung lobes, which result in overestimation of the affected tissue by approximately 20%. Retrospective analysis of data from a slaughter monitoring program revealed strong associations (R2, 0.54 to 0.91) between prevalence, mean, median, and maximal lung scores in groups of pigs. Maximal lung score was biased by sample size, but prevalence and mean or median lung scores could be used to describe pneumonia severity in groups of pigs. Our results indicate that error in measurement of the extent of pneumonic tissue in slaughtered pigs is unimportant if the time of onset, clinical severity, and duration of disease are not quantified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-14
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume56
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1995

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