Introduction Laparoscopic mesh repair has become an increasingly common method for repairing incisional hernias. The current method for fixating mesh to the abdominal wall includes tacking the mesh to the peritoneum and fascia and suturing the mesh to the fascia with trans-fascial sutures. The iMESH StitcherTM is a stitching device developed to both simplify and expedite this procedure by passing the suture from one arm of the iMESH stitcherTM to the other. The device enables a stitch to be created in three quick moves using only one hand. We compared both the eYcacy and procedure time of trans-fascial mesh fixation when performed with the iMESH stitcherTM as compared to the standard suture passer method. Methods A mesh patch was installed on the internal abdominal wall of two pigs. Surgical residents and Medical students were participants in the study and were trained in both techniques. Each participant was asked to perform six fixations with each technique. The procedural time required for both fixation techniques was recorded. Participants were asked to assess subjectively the relative diYculty of each technique on a scale of 1-10 (10 = most diYcult). Results Sixteen residents and students performed a total of 12 mesh Wxations, each performing 6 fixations with each technique. Average mesh fixation suture time using the suture passer technique was 44 s for residents and 47 s for students. Average Wxation suture time using the iMESH stitcherTM was 17 s for residents and 15 s for students. The average difficulty score for the suture passer technique was 6.1 as compared to 2.9 with iMESH stitcherTM Conclusion Trans-fascial fixation with the iMESH StitcherTM took significantly less time than the standard suture passer method. The iMESH StitcherTM significantly simpliWes the procedure of transfascial fixation and potentially reduces technical difficulties.
- Incisional hernia
- Trans-fascial fixation