Comparison of radiation damage in lead tungstate crystals under pion and gamma irradiation

V. A. Batarin, J. Butler, T. Y. Chen, A. M. Davidenko, A. A. Derevschikov, Y. M. Goncharenko, V. N. Grishin, V. A. Kachanov, V. Y. Khodyrev, A. S. Konstantinov, V. I. Kravtsov, Y. Kubota, V. S. Lukanin, Y. A. Matulenko, Y. M. Melnick, A. P. Meschanin, N. E. Mikhalin, N. G. Minaev, V. V. Mochalov, D. A. MorozovL. V. Nogach, A. V. Ryazantsev, P. A. Semenov, V. K. Semenov, K. E. Shestermanov, L. F. Soloviev, S. Stone, A. V. Uzunian, A. N. Vasiliev, A. E. Yakutin, J. Yarba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Studies of the radiation hardness of lead tungstate crystals produced by the Bogoroditsk Techno-Chemical Plant in Russia and the Shanghai Institute of Ceramics in China have been carried out at IHEP, Protvino. The crystals were irradiated by a 40 GeV pion beam. After full recovery, the same crystals were irradiated using a 137Cs γ-ray source. The dose rate profiles along the crystal length were observed to be quite similar. We compare the effects of the two types of radiation on the crystal's light output.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-292
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 11 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was partially supported by the US National Science Foundation and the Department of Energy as well as The Russian Foundation for Basic Research grant 02-02-39008. We would like to thank the management of IHEP Radiation Research Department for providing us a radioactive source for our gamma irradiation studies, as well as the PHENIX group at IHEP (Protvino) for providing us both hardware and software needed for light-output measurements. We thank O. Sumaneev for calculation of the dose profiles in the crystals using gamma irradiation.


  • Lead tungstate crystal
  • Pion/gamma irradiation
  • Radiation damage


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