Compressive wireless sensing

Waheed Bajwa, Jarvis Haupt, Akbar Sayeed, Robert Nowak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

292 Scopus citations

Abstract

Compressive Sampling is an emerging theory that is based on the fact that a relatively small number of random projections of a signal can contain most of its salient information. In this paper, we introduce the concept of Compressive Wireless Sensing for sensor networks in which a fusion center retrieves signal field information from an ensemble of spatially distributed sensor nodes. Energy and bandwidth are scarce resources in sensor networks and the relevant metrics of interest in our context are 1) the latency involved in information retrieval; and 2) the associated power-distortion trade-off. It is generally recognized that given sufficient prior knowledge about the sensed data (e.g., statistical characterization, homogeneity etc.), there exist schemes that have very favorable power-distortion-latency trade-offs. We propose a distributed matched source-channel communication scheme, based in part on recent results in compressive sampling theory, for estimation of sensed data at the fusion center and analyze, as a function of number of sensor nodes, the trade-offs between power, distortion and latency. Compressive wireless sensing is a universal scheme in the sense that it requires no prior knowledge about the sensed data. This universality, however, comes at the cost of optimality (in terms of a less favorable power-distortion-latency trade-off) and we quantify this cost relative to the case when sufficient prior information about the sensed data is assumed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks, IPSN '06
Pages134-142
Number of pages9
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
EventFifth International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks, IPSN '06 - Nashville, TN, United States
Duration: Apr 19 2006Apr 21 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks, IPSN '06
Volume2006

Conference

ConferenceFifth International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks, IPSN '06
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNashville, TN
Period4/19/064/21/06

Keywords

  • Compressive sampling
  • Uncoded communications
  • Wireless sensor networks

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