Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have potential applications for efficient filtration of toxic gases from ambient air. We have used computational methods to examine the efficacy of functionalized UiO-66 with a wide range of functional groups to identify materials suitable for selective adsorption of NH3, H2S, or CO2 under humid conditions. To this end, adsorption energies at various favorable positions in the structures are obtained from both cluster-based and periodic models. Our cluster calculations show that DFT calculations using the PBE-D2 functional can reliably predict the ranking of materials obtained at the MP2 level. Performing PBE-D2 calculations using periodic models gives rankings of materials that are significantly different from those of cluster calculations, showing that confinement effects are important in these materials. On the basis of these calculations, recommendations for high performing materials are made using PBE-D2 calculations from periodic models that use the full structure of each MOF.
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This material is based upon work supported by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency contract no. HDTRA1-13-C-0090.
© 2017 American Chemical Society.