Conditional Use of a Request for Assistance: Considering Generalization

Joe Reichle, Breanne J. Byiers, Amanda Reeve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently exhibit generalization errors, but many instructional programs fail to address this deficit. Generalization errors encompass when the learner should extend the use of a newly taught behavior to other contexts but does not (under-generalization), as well as when he or she should not use the newly established behavior in new contexts but does (over-generalization). This study was designed to evaluate the generalization errors of a preschooler with ASD. Following an intervention in which the participant was taught to request assistance with difficult tasks using a continuous reinforcement schedule, generalization gradients across levels of task difficulty were implemented to examine patterns of generalization. Initial results showed over-generalization of assistance requests and corresponding reductions in independent (the absence of any instructional prompts) task completion across all levels of task difficulty. A final phase involving competing schedules of reinforcement for assistance requests and independent work with video modeling led to improved conditional use of assistance requests. Implications for teaching conditional use of assistance requests are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-90
Number of pages11
JournalFocus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Keywords

  • assistance
  • autism
  • conditional use
  • intervention
  • request

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