Conidial germination and germ tube elongation of Phomopsis amaranthicola and Microsphaeropsis amaranthi on leaf surfaces of seven Amaranthus species: Implications for biological control

Loretta Ortiz-Ribbing, Martin M. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microsphaeropsis amaranthi and Phomopsis amaranthicola are potential biological control agents for several Amaranthus species. In an effort to understand the initial infection processes with these pathogens, a study was conducted of the conidial germination and germ tube length (μm) on the weed leaf surfaces at 21 °C and 28 °C. Weeds included Amaranthus rudis, A. palmeri, A. powellii, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. hybridus, and A. albus. For P. amaranthicola, conidial germination and germ tube length varied among the seven weed species at both temperatures, while for M. amaranthi the differences in germ tube lengths were significant among weed species only at 21 °C. While the conidia of M. amaranthi and P. amaranthicola germinated on the leaf surfaces of all seven weed species, temperature appeared to impact the number and length of germ tubes on the leaf surfaces. The percentage of germinated conidia and the length of germ tubes at both temperatures were often greater for M. amaranthi than for P. amaranthicola. In order for the fungal pathogen to successfully infect and kill a weedy host, conidia must germinate and form a germ tube, two processes that vary with host species and temperature for M. amaranthi and P. amaranthicola. The extent to which successive infection processes, e.g., penetration, invasion and colonization, contribute to host specificity warrants study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)356-362
Number of pages7
JournalBiological Control
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006

Keywords

  • A. albus
  • A. hybridus
  • A. palmeri
  • A. powellii
  • A. retroflexus
  • A. spinosus
  • Amaranthus rudis
  • Bioherbicide
  • Biological control
  • Microsphaeropsis amaranthi
  • Mycoherbicide
  • Phomopsis amaranthicola
  • Spore germination

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