In May 2016 conjoined white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) fawns were found deceased in southeastern Minnesota. The bodies of the fawns were joined ventrally and laterally with two separate necks and heads. This is the first case described of conjoined two-headed white-tailed deer brought to full-term gestation and delivered.
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Acknowledgments.—We wish to acknowledge Kevin Serres for collecting and reporting the specimen, and Thomas Hemker and Donald Nelson of the MNDNR for aiding in reporting of the case. Robert Utne and Jessica Brooks of Wild Images In Motion Taxidermy mounted the specimen free of charge. The mount will be on display at the MNDNR headquarters in St. Paul, Minnesota. A skeletal preparation of the specimen will be housed at the University of Minnesota Veterinary Anatomy Museum in St. Paul, Minnesota. This study was funded by MNDNR. We thank Editor H. Hollocher, Associate Editor S. M. Crimmins, and two anonymous reviewers for comments, which improved the quality of the manuscript.
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