Objective Patients with serious mental illness (SMI) often have comorbid cardiometabolic conditions (CMCs) that may increase the number of prescribers involved in treatment. This study examined whether patients with SMI (depression and schizophrenia) and comorbid CMCs experience greater discontinuity of prescribing than patients with CMCs alone. Methods 2009 Medicaid data were used to compare number and types of prescribers (primary care, cardiometabolic, psychiatric, other) in individuals with 1–3 CMCs (diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia) alone (n = 76.451); with CMC and schizophrenia (n = 6507); and with CMC and depression (n = 23.510) and the degree of prescribing within a provider's area of specialty. Results 44%, 61%, and 71% of individuals with CMCs only, with CMCs and schizophrenia, and with CMCs and depression had medications from these classes prescribed by 5 or more providers respectively. > 35% of patients with CMCs alone or CMCs and schizophrenia had prescriptions provided by 3 or more PCP providers, which increased to 49.1% for patients with CMCs and depression. In the schizophrenia cohort, 29% of antipsychotics were PCP-prescribed while psychiatrists prescribed 10%, 9%, and 9% of antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic, and antidiabetic medications respectively. Conclusions The presence of SMI increases the number of prescribers treating individuals with CMCs. The impact of this fragmentation in medication management on health outcomes is unknown.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||General Hospital Psychiatry|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (Grant Number: 1R01HS023099-01). This funding source has no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication.
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.
- Chronic disease
- Continuity of care
- Mental health